3 edition of Peak Discharges and Flow Volumes for Streams in the Northern Plains, 1996-97 (U.S. Geological Survey Circular, 1185-B) found in the catalog.
Peak Discharges and Flow Volumes for Streams in the Northern Plains, 1996-97 (U.S. Geological Survey Circular, 1185-B)
by U S Geological Survey
Written in English
|The Physical Object|
|Number of Pages||52|
METHOD FOR COMPUTING PEAK DISCHARGE FOR WATER QUALITY STORM (Adapted from Claytor and Schueler, ) The peak rate of discharge is needed for the sizing of off-line diversion structures and to design grass channels. Conventional SCS methods underestimate the volume and rate of runoff for rainfall events less than 2". In hydrology, discharge is the volumetric flow rate of water that is transported through a given cross-sectional area. It includes any suspended solids (e.g. sediment), dissolved chemicals (e.g. CaCO 3 (aq)), or biologic material (e.g. diatoms) in addition to the water itself.. Synonyms vary by discipline. For example, a fluvial hydrologist studying natural river systems may define discharge.
Engineering analyses, assuming that the Rudd Creek debris flow was the year event, used observed characteristics (debris volume, depth distribution, time to peak discharge, speed of debris advance, and duration of discharge) to construct an inflow hydrograph for use with a finite-element grid network, alluvial-fan slope values for the. Hydrologic literature on the Northern Great Plains, including the Canadian Prairies, has mainly focused on Hortonian overland flow as the dominant runoff generation mechanism. This study focused on subsurface water movement and its contribution to streamflow in high-latitude, subhumid, prairie landscapes with flat topography.
Peak Streamflow for the Nation. Choose Site Selection Criteria: There sites with peak streamflow data. Choose at least one of the following criteria to constrain the number of sites selected. Site -- Location --? State/Territory? Hydrologic Region? Lat-Long box. Site -- Identifier Know: peak flow, lag time, urbanization effects. o Runoff and flooding use hydrograph to plot volume of water over period of time, depict flood intensity graphically o In typical graph, Discharge rises steeply to flood crest (peak discharge), then falls gently o Lag time between storm peak and stream discharge peak.
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Peak discharges and flow volumes for streams in the Northern Plains, Winter snowfall ofcombined with the spring floods ofcaused one of the worst natural disasters in recent history on the Northern Plains.
Peak discharges and flow volumes for streams in the northern plains, (OCoLC) Material Type: Government publication, National government publication, Internet resource: Document Type: Book, Internet Resource: All Authors / Contributors: Kathleen Macek-Rowland; Michael J Burr; Gregory B Mitton.
Peak discharges and flow volumes for streams in the northern plains, (DLC) (OCoLC) Material Type: Document, Government publication, National government publication, Internet resource: Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File: All Authors / Contributors. Peak discharges and flow volumes for streams in the Northern Plains (USGS Circular B, ) Flood of October in Southern Maine.
Aftermath of Hurricane Fran in North Carolina--Preliminary Data on Flooding and Water Quality. Flood of Mississippi River near the Jefferson National Expansion Memorial (Arch), St. Louis, Missouri. A – Precipitation in the Northern Plains, September through April no.
B – Peak Discharges and Flow Volumes for Streams in the Northern Plains, no. – Water Quality in the Allegheny and Monongahela River Basins, Pennsylvania, West Virginia, New York, and Maryland, Methods are presented for estimating peak discharges, flood volumes and hydrograph shapes of small (less than 5 sq mi) urban streams in Ohio.
Examples of how to use the various regression equations and estimating techniques also are presented. Multiple-regression equations were developed for estimating peak discharges having recurrence intervals of 2, 5, 10, 25, 50, and years. WRIRPeak-Discharge Frequency and Potential Extreme Peak Discharge for Natural Streams in the Brazos River Basing, Texas; WRIRPeak-Flow Frequency and Extreme Flood Potential for Streams in the Vicinity of the Highland Lakes, Central, Texas; WRIRThe Effects of Urbanization on Floods in the Austin Metropolitan Area, Texas.
Consequently, many peak discharges must be determined after the passage of the flood by indirect methods such as slope-area, contracted opening, flow-overdam, or flow-through-culvert.
Indirect determinations of discharge make use of the energy equation for computing streamflow. Determining discharge from stage requires defining the stage-discharge relationship by measuring discharge at a wide range of river stages.
The discharge measurement. Discharge is the volume of water moving down a stream or river per unit of time, commonly expressed in cubic feet per second or gallons per day. the time difference between a rain event and the resulting peak discharge in a stream. mouth. evaporate, be absorbed by plants and animals or move as overland flow downslope into streams.
What is the basic function of streams and rivers. in areas where human activities generate large volumes of overland flow and excess sedimentation.
U.S. Geological Survey Circular B, "Peak Discharges and Flow Volumes for Streams in the Northern Plains, ," is the second in the two-part series of reports and presents the magnitude and duration of discharges and volumes, describes the effects of reservoir storage on flood peaks, and summarizes the effects of the spring floods on the people of the northern plains.
Measurement of peak discharge at width contractions by indirect methods, by H.F. Matthai. 44 pages. Measurement of peak discharge at dams by indirect methods, by Harry Hulsing.
29 pages. General procedure for gaging streams, by R.W. Carter and Jacob Davidian. 13 pages. Due to unavailability of sufficient discharge data for many rivers, hydrologists have used indirect methods for deriving flood discharge amount, that is, application of channel geometry and hydrological models, for the estimation of peak discharge in the selected ungauged river basin(s) in their research/project works.
This paper has studied the estimation of peak flood discharge of the Kunur. A key factor controlling both the peak discharge and ultimate flood volume is the ultimate breach depth (Webby, ). In the case of earth-fill dams, breaching nearly always results in erosion to an elevation near the previous river level and, consequently, outflow of all the impounded water.
River discharge is the volume of water flowing through a river channel. This is the total volume of water flowing through a channel at any given point and is measured in cubic metres per second (cumecs). The discharge from a drainage basin depends on precipitation, evapotranspiration and storage factors.
Techniques for Estimating Peak Flow on Small Streams in Minnesota; USGS Water Resources Investigations Report - Peak Discharges and Flow Volumes for Streams in the Northern Plains, ; Circular B USGS - E-3/E-5 Reports: LaCrosse HSA.
A wetting flow is defined as the discharge required to just inundate or “wet” a site of interest, usually a particular terrace surface or stratigraphic site.
A disturbance flow is the peak discharge used to help define a non-exceedance bound. A disturbance flow therefore is the discharge required to produce a “disturbance” of the site. The. The increases in storm flow discharges can be dramatic, increasing several hundred percent over that of undisturbed watersheds (Gregory and Walling, ; Cooke and Doorkamp, ).
The increase in storm flow discharges can lead to over a sixfold increase in channel–cross-sectional area over that of a natural stream (Knighton, ). channel slope effect on peak discharge of natural streams. the "channel slope method" provides a reasonable approach to the apparent need for a reasonable method of computing peak runoff rates for natural streams.
stream runoff data from the u.s. geological survey were correlated with the slope of the stream. The most reliable GLOF and SHFF peak discharge estimates were upstream from constrictions where there was critical-depth control.
The peak discharge of the GLOF at km from the breached moraine was approximately m 3 /s. At km downstream from the breached moraine, the GLOF discharge was estimated at m 3 /s.
Runoff plots have been an important means to monitor runoff and soil loss since their development by the German scientist Wollny in (Baver ).Peak flow is a key parameter when selecting the size of the trough connecting a runoff plot and a collecting tank and/or the size of the H-flume or other equipment used to measure the flow discharge of runoff plots.Stream Discharge 12/09 Introductory Level Notebook 4 What is a Storm Hydrograph?
After a rainstorm, stream flow follows a predictable pattern in which it rises sharply in response to the storm and then falls, usually more gradually, in the hours or days following the storm. Additionally, discharge varies naturally with the seasons.
Higher.One method of studying stream flows involves calculating the discharge of a particular stream or river. Discharge is the measure of the volume of water that passes a point in a given period of time, usually noted in cubic metres per second, m3/s (there are litres in a cubic metre).
The discharge can be obtained by a couple of different.